By Patrick Lepetit
A profound knowing of the surrealists’ connections with alchemists and mystery societies and the airtight aspirations published of their works
• Explains how surrealist work and poems hired mythology, gnostic ideas, tarot, voodoo, alchemy, and different airtight sciences to search out unexplored areas of the brain and recuperate misplaced “psychic” and magical powers
• presents many examples of esoteric impression in surrealism, akin to how Picasso’s Demoiselles d’Avignon used to be initially titled The bathtub of the Philosophers
Not simply an inventive or literary move as many think, the surrealists rejected the labels of artist and writer bestowed upon them through outsiders, accepting in its place the titles of magician, alchemist, or--in the case of Leonora Carrington and Remedios Varo--witch. Their work, poems, and different works have been created to find unexplored areas of the brain and get well misplaced “psychic” and magical powers. They used artistic expression because the car to achieve what André Breton known as the “supreme point,” the purpose at which all opposites stop to be perceived as contradictions. This very best element is located on the center of all esoteric doctrines, together with the nice paintings of alchemy, and permits conversation with larger states of being.
Drawing on an intensive diversity of writings through the surrealists and people of their circle of effect, Patrick Lepetit indicates how the surrealists hired mythology, gnostic rules, tarot, voodoo, and alchemy now not easily as reference issues yet as major components in their ongoing investigations into the elemental nature of recognition. He presents many particular examples of esoteric effect one of the surrealists, resembling how Picasso’s well-known Demoiselles d’Avignon was once initially titled The bathtub of the Philosophers, how painter Victor Brauner drew from his father’s spiritualist vocation in addition to the Kabbalah and tarot, and the way health care professional and surrealist writer Pierre Mabille was once a Freemason serious about discovering initiatory paths the place “it is feasible to consider a brand new approach connecting guy with the universe.”
Lepetit casts new mild at the connection among key figures of the move and the circle of adepts amassed round Fulcanelli. He additionally explores the connection among surrealists and Freemasonry, Martinists, and the select Cohen in addition to the Grail mythos and the Arthurian brotherhood.
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Extra resources for The Esoteric Secrets of Surrealism: Origins, Magic, and Secret Societies
In her the fires of ardour are refracted, the flames of forbidden wisdom. basically nocturnal, the girl then finds the treasure of a sunlight the profane can't even think. reason why it's permissible for this interest of the occult as an indisputable and profound attribute of the concept of the spokesman of surrealism—taking into account the very nature of Breton’s writing—to be pointed out with this Me, who, in 1924 in creation to the Discourse at the Paucity of truth, defined, “The fearless soul plunges right into a land without exits, the place eyes open with no tears. ” A land or a earlier! Marcel Lecomte, in Michel Fardoulis-Lagrange’s journal Troisième Convoi, in 1947, added, therefore, those fairly disconcerting issues: a few of André Breton’s latest notes and allusions . . . forged mild on a chain of ways whose ultimate degree might be detected in Breton: a degree which can encompass an absolute poetic and magical wisdom of the realm. i feel the instant has come to check what should be known as the Golden Age complicated, which has left a deep imprint on surrealist attention, numerous really wealthy parts of which might be present in Breton. Breton hears the voices of the esoteric human earlier. occasionally they just converse to him in a type of murmur. . . . those voices orient his idea. They propel his hope for the data of yes conventional assumptions, and i'm utilizing this time period within the feel of its such a lot mystery density, to arrive guy in order that he may possibly loose and remodel himself and recreate himself via them. After, Paul-Émile Bourdas, the chief of the Quebec automatists, confided to poet Claude Gauvreau in a 1954 letter: in regards to the Breton of Arcanum 17, such as you i locate nice good looks within the “revelation” of the “redeeming” function of the “woman-child. ” upload to that the assumption of “resurrection” that you locate there to boot and inform me if we aren't facing Christian poetry of the purest variety? Revelation, Redemption, Woman-Virgin, Resurrection, and everlasting into the cut price! fifty eight Octavio Paz is much more specific whilst he writes: nonetheless, the note revelation shines in lots of of [Breton’s] texts. talking is the noblest job of all: revealing what's hidden, bringing the buried be aware again to existence, calling forth our double, that different that's us yet which we by no means enable to resist—our suppressed part. Then really sincerely, revelation is resurrection, publicity, initiation. it's a be aware that demands rites and ceremonies. fifty nine As extra facts there's additionally this passage from “La Montagne des signes” (The Mountain of Signs), written in 1936 in Mexico via Artaud, for whom “all desires are reality”: I bear in mind unexpectedly that there have been in heritage, Sects which inlaid those related symptoms upon rocks, carved out of jade, crushed into iron, or chiseled. and that i start to imagine that symbolism conceals a technology. and that i locate it unusual that the primitive humans of the Tarahumara tribe, whose rites and tradition are older than the Flood, truly possessed this technology good ahead of the looks of the Legend of the Grail, or the founding of the Sect of the Rosicrucians.