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In response to rankings of medieval manuscript texts and diagrams, the booklet exhibits how Roman assets have been utilized in the age of Charlemagne to reintroduce and extend a qualitative photo of articulated geometrical order within the heavens.

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76v ...... four. four. Transverse and Vertical Risings (and Settings) of the indicators. Leiden, ms. Voss. lat. F. forty eight, f. 78v .......................... four. five. Geocentric Circles for the sun Orbit and the Zodiacal Circle to demonstrate a fake Proposition. Leiden, ms. Voss. lat. F. forty eight, f. 79r ................................................... four. 6. Revised model of Martianus’s Circumsolar Planets. Leiden, ms. Voss. lat. F. forty eight, f. 79v ..................................... four. 7. A Plinian trend of Circumsolar Planets. Leiden, ms. Voss. lat. F. forty eight, f. 79v .................................................. 119 123 131 a hundred thirty five a hundred thirty five 137 139 157 one hundred sixty five 166 169 198 205 216 225 228 249 249 list of illustrations four. eight. four. nine. four. 10. four. eleven. four. 12. four. thirteen. four. 14. four. 15. four. sixteen. A Platonist version of Circumsolar Planets. Leiden, ms. Voss. lat. F. forty eight, f. 79r ................................................... A Platonist version of Circumsolar Planets. Leiden, ms. BPL 88, f. 162r .......................................................... Appendix of Ten Astronomical Diagrams. Leiden, ms. Voss. lat, F. forty eight, f. 92v .................................................. The Moon’s Diameter as One-Sixth the Earth’s Diameter. Leiden, ms. Voss. lat. F. forty eight, f. 79v .................... Seven Lunar levels. Leiden, ms. BPL 88, f. 163v .......... A Lunar Eclipse. Leiden, ms. Voss. lat. F. forty eight, f. 80v ........ clarification of the various Lengths of the Seasons. Leiden, ms. Voss. lat. F. forty eight, f. 81r ..................................... Six Increments of sunlight hours among the Solstices. Leiden, ms. Voss. lat. F. forty eight, f. 81v ..................................... Elongation of Mercury from the sunlight at 32º “sub sole. ” Leiden, ms. Voss. lat. F. forty eight, f. 81v ..................................... bankruptcy 5 five. 1. Calcidius’s primary Epicycle. Brussels, Bibliothèque royale de Belgique ms. 9625–9626, f. 31r ........................ five. 2. smooth Reconstruction of Calcidius’s Description of the Lengths of the Seasons ..................................................... five. three. glossy Reconstruction of Calcidius’s clarification of the Lengths of the Seasons .............................................. five. four. Capellan Planetary thought. Florence, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana ms. San Marco one hundred ninety, f. 102r ........................ five. five. Carolingian Diagram for the Capellan rationalization of the Lengths of the Seasons. Leiden, Universiteitsbibliotheek ms. Voss. lat. F. forty eight, f. 81r ............ five. 6. Carolingian Diagram for the Capellan clarification of the Lengths of the Seasons. Besançon, Bibliothèque d’Étude et de Conservation ms. 594, f. 72v .................... five. 7. Calcidius’s clarification of the Lengths of the Seasons. Valenciennes, Bibliothèque municipale ms. 293, f. 48v ... five. eight. Calcidius’s rationalization of the Lengths of the Seasons. Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France ms. lat. 2164, f. 37v .................................................................................. five. nine. Calcidius’s clarification of the Lengths of the Seasons. Brussels, Bibliothèque royale de Belgique ms. 9625–9626, f. 29v ..................................................................................

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