Download E-books Imagine There's No Heaven: How Atheism Helped Create the Modern World PDF

By Mitchell Stephens

The historic achievements of spiritual trust were huge and good chronicled. yet what approximately the accomplishments of these who've challenged faith? touring from classical Greece to twenty-first century America, think there is no Heaven explores the position of disbelief in shaping Western civilization. At every one juncture universal subject matters emerge: via wondering the position of gods within the heavens or the position of a God in growing guy in the world, nonbelievers support stream technology ahead. by way of hard the divine correct of monarchs and the strictures of holy books, nonbelievers, together with Jean- Jacques Rousseau and Denis Diderot, support extend human liberties, and impression the early founding of the United States. Revolutions in technology, in politics, in philosophy, in artwork, and in psychology were led, on a number of events, through those people who are freed from the limitations of non secular lifestyles. Mitchell Stephens tells the often-courageous stories of history's most crucial atheists― like Denis Diderot and Salman Rushdie. Stephens makes a robust and unique case for his or her value not just to contemporary New Atheist circulate yet to the best way a lot of us―believers and nonbelievers―now imagine and stay.

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Download E-books Philosophical Interpretations of the Old Testament (Beihefte Zur Zeitschrift Fur Die Alttestamentliche Wissenschaft) PDF

By Seizo Sekine

This monograph demanding situations the extremes of faith-based theological methods and value-free historical-critical tools by means of pursuing the center course of philosophical hermeneutics. Drawing on japanese and Western philosophy, the writer proposes unique interpretive strategies to the Akedah, Jeremiah and different biblical texts. Readers also will achieve clean insights into difficulties of monotheism, spiritual religion and identification, ache and glossy ethics.

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Download E-books The Paradox of Liberation: Secular Revolutions and Religious Counterrevolutions PDF

A thought-provoking mirrored image on why secular nationwide liberation pursuits are so frequently challenged by means of militant spiritual revivals

a few of the profitable campaigns for nationwide liberation within the years following international warfare II have been firstly in accordance with democratic and secular beliefs. as soon as verified, although, the newly self sustaining countries needed to take care of solely unforeseen non secular fierceness. Michael Walzer, one in every of America’s finest political thinkers, examines this difficult pattern through learning India, Israel, and Algeria, 3 countries whose founding ideas and associations were sharply attacked by means of 3 totally different teams of spiritual revivalists: Hindu militants, ultra-Orthodox Jews and messianic Zionists, and Islamic radicals. In his provocative, well-reasoned dialogue, Walzer asks, Why have those secular democratic hobbies been not able to breed their political tradition past one or generations? In a postscript, he compares the problems of up to date secularism to the profitable institution of secular politics within the early American republic—thereby making a controversy for American exceptionalism yet gravely noting that we might be much less unparalleled today.

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Download E-books Esotericism and the Academy: Rejected Knowledge in Western Culture PDF

By Wouter J. Hanegraaff

Lecturers are inclined to glance on 'esoteric', 'occult' or 'magical' ideals with contempt, yet are typically ignorant in regards to the non secular and philosophical traditions to which those phrases refer, or their relevance to highbrow heritage. Wouter Hanegraaff tells the ignored tale of the way intellectuals because the Renaissance have attempted to return to phrases with a cluster of 'pagan' rules from past due antiquity that challenged the rules of biblical faith and Greek rationality. Expelled from the academy at the foundation of Protestant and Enlightenment polemics, those traditions have grow to be perceived because the different during which teachers outline their identification to the current day. Hanegraaff grounds his dialogue in a meticulous examine of fundamental and secondary resources, taking the reader on an exhilarating highbrow voyage from the 15th century to the current day and asking what implications the forgotten historical past of exclusion has for confirmed textbook narratives of faith, philosophy and technological know-how.

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Download E-books The Problem of Pain PDF

By C. S. Lewis

In The challenge of Pain, C.S. Lewis, the most well known Christian authors and thinkers, examines a universally acceptable query in the human : “If God is nice and omnipotent, why does he let his creatures to undergo pain?” together with his signature wealth of compassion and perception, C.S. Lewis bargains solutions to those an important questions and stocks his desire and knowledge to assist heal an international hungering for a real figuring out of human nature.

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Download E-books Convent Chronicles: Women Writing About Women and Reform in the Late Middle Ages PDF

By Anne Winston-Allen

The overdue center a long time was once a time of extreme non secular ferment in Europe marked via numerous demands reform of the Church. inside of monastic orders, the Observant move was once one such attempt to reform non secular homes, sparked by means of the frequent worry that those homes had strayed too faraway from their unique calling. In Convent Chronicles, Anne Winston-Allen deals a unprecedented inside of examine the Observant reform flow from the women’s standpoint.

Although we all know greatly concerning the males who inhabited Observant non secular homes, we all know little or no approximately their lady counterparts—even although ladies outnumbered males in lots of areas. frequently what we do find out about girls involves us in the course of the filter out of men’s money owed. getting better long-overlooked writings via girls within the 15th and early 16th centuries, Winston-Allen surveys the extreme literary and scribal actions in German- and Dutch-speaking non secular groups in Italy, Switzerland, Germany, and the Low nations. whereas prior reviews have trusted documents left through male activists, those women’s narratives provide another viewpoint that demanding situations conventional perspectives of women’s position and corporation. ladies have been, in truth, energetic contributors within the non secular conversations that ruled the day.

With its wealthy depiction of girls as transmitters of tradition, Convent Chronicles will be worthy to students in addition to to graduate and undergraduate scholars attracted to the heritage of women’s monasticism and non secular writing.

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Download E-books Atheists: The Origin of the Species PDF

The conflict among atheism and faith has turn into the defining conflict of the twenty first century. Books on and approximately atheism preserve excessive profile and recognition, and atheist pursuits on either side of the Atlantic seize headlines with high-profile campaigns and ads. even though, little or no has been written at the background of atheism, and this ebook fills that conspicuous hole.

Instead of treating atheism simply as a philosophical or medical concept in regards to the non-existence of God, Atheists: The starting place of the Species areas the circulation in its right social and political context. simply because atheism in Europe built in response to the Christianity that ruled the continent's highbrow, social and political existence, it followed, tailored and reacted opposed to its associations in addition to its principles. for this reason, the background of atheism is as a lot approximately social and political hobbies because it is medical or philosophical principles.

This is the tale not just of Hobbes, Hume, and Darwin, but additionally of Thomas Aitkenhead hung for blasphemous atheism, Percy Shelley expelled for adolescent atheism, and the Marquis de Sade imprisoned for libertine atheism; of the French innovative Terror and the Soviet League of the Militant Godless; of the increase of the united states non secular correct and of Islamic terrorism.

Looking at atheism in its complete sociopolitical context is helping clarify why it has regarded so very assorted in numerous nations. It additionally explains why there was a contemporary upsurge in atheism, really in Britain and the united states, the place faith has all at once come to play this sort of major position in political opinions. This leads us to a just a little paradoxical end: we must always count on to listen to extra approximately atheism sooner or later for the easy cause that God is back.

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Download E-books The Highest Poverty: Monastic Rules and Form-of-Life (Meridian: Crossing Aesthetics) PDF

By Giorgio Agamben

What is a rule, if it sounds as if to turn into stressed with lifestyles? and what's a human lifestyles, if, in each of its gestures, of its phrases, and of its silences, it can't be exclusive from the rule?

It is to those questions that Agamben's new booklet turns through an impassioned studying of the interesting and big phenomenon of Western monasticism from Pachomius to St. Francis. The e-book reconstructs intimately the lifetime of the priests with their obsessive consciousness to temporal articulation and to the rule of thumb, to ascetic innovations and to liturgy. yet Agamben's thesis is that the genuine novelty of monasticism lies now not within the confusion among lifestyles and norm, yet within the discovery of a brand new measurement, within which "life" as such, possibly for the 1st time, is affirmed in its autonomy, and during which the declare of the "highest poverty" and "use" demanding situations the legislations in ways in which we needs to nonetheless grapple with today.

How do we imagine a form-of-life, that's, a human existence published from the grip of legislation, and a use of our bodies and of the realm that by no means turns into an appropriation? How will we imagine existence as anything no longer topic to possession yet just for universal use?

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Download E-books Salonica, City of Ghosts: Christians, Muslims and Jews 1430-1950 PDF

By Mark Mazower

Salonica, situated in northern Greece, was once lengthy a desirable crossroads city of alternative religions and ethnicities, the place Egyptian retailers, Spanish Jews, Orthodox Greeks, Sufi dervishes, and Albanian brigands all rubbed shoulders. Tensions occasionally flared, yet tolerance principally prevailed till the 20 th century whilst the Greek military marched in, Muslims have been pressured out, and the Nazis deported and killed the Jews. because the acclaimed historian Mark Mazower follows the city’s population via plague, invasion, famine, and the disastrous 20th century, he resurrects a desirable and vanished international.

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